The harbour in Izmir or the Gulf
of Izmir. I used Izmir as a
jumping off point to get to
Ephesus and Cesme.
The scant ruins of the Temple of
Artemis. Considered one of the
Seven Wonders of the Ancient
World when it was completed in
BC 55.
The tree shaded boulevard
leading from Selcuk to the ruins
of Ephesus.
Located on the slope of Panayir
hill is the Great Theatre.
Constructed in the 3rd century
BC it has a capacity of 25,000
The stone of Harbour street
leading into Ephesus towards the
Great Theatre.
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The most impressive site at
Ephesus is the Great Theatre.
According to the Bible Apostle
Paul delivered sermons here in
the 1st Century AD. One caused
the "riot of the silversmiths".
Beneath the seats of the Theatre.
The enormous stone blocks
holding up the end of the rows of
seats. Tourists getting relief from
the sun in the shade.
The Great Theatre has sixty six
rows of seats divided by two
Stone with greek inscriptions and
another language. Parts appear
to have been removed.
The facade of Celsus Library.  The
library was completed in AD 120. It
is named in honour of Roman
Senator Tiberius Celsus Polemaenus
and completed by his son.
The library could hold 12,000
scrolls and also was also the
monumental tomb of Celsus.
Close up of the facade stone.
The inscriptions are in Greek for
the most part.
The facade was reconstructed in
the 1960s and 70s in what is
thought to be true to the original.
On of the main streets of
Ephesus, Curetes Street runs
from the Hercules Gate to the
Celsus Library.
The Pollio Monument and the
Fountain of Domitian. Erected in
1st century AD in memory of
Gaius Sextilius Pollio.
The Odeon, used as a place for
meetings of the Senate and as a
concert hall. Constructed in the
2nd Century AD.
The Odeon has a capacity of
1,500 spectators.  When
constructed it was enclosed with
a wooden roof.
Quiet area near the State Agora.
A woman enjoying the only
piece of shade.
From the highest seats of the
Odeon looking out over the
stage and the State Agora in the
The monument built by Memmius
in the 1st century AD. Dedicated
to his father and famous
grandfather the dictator Sulla.
The Heracles Gate with reliefs of
Heracles holding the skin of the
Nemean Lion. The reliefs were
placed here in the 4th century AD
but date from the 2nd Century AD.
A long mosaic that would have
been inside houses.  In the shade
on the left are some of the cats
that roam the ruins.
Curetes street near the Domitan
Inside the covered area where
restoration is ongoing on the
terrace houses.
The restored details of painted
frescos that adorned the walls of
Overview of the 6 terrace houses
under restoration.  The oldest
house dates from the 1st century
BC and was in use into the 7th
Century AD.
The ruins of the Church of Mary.
The 3rd Ecumenical Council
was held here in AD 431.
A mosaic of a lion on the floor of
one of the terrace houses.
The altar of the Council Church
(Church of Mary).
Tourist shops just outside the
entrance to the Ephesus ruins
grounds.  Genuine fake watches.
Isa Bey Mosque (AD 1375) one of
the best examples of Seljukian
style architecture.
The Grand Fortress of Selcuk
located on the highest point of
the hill near the St. John
Basilica ruins.
The Church of St John was expanded
into a basilica during the reign of
Emperor Justinian (AD 527-565). The
Apostle John was thought to have
spent his last years in the area.
The view of the area around
Selcuk as seen from the Grand
The Grand Fortress has 15 towers
along its walls. The fortress today
is mainly Byzantine in origin but
parts of it date to Ottoman and
Aydınoğulları periods.
Large gate in the rampart walls
that circled the Basilica of St
John in 7th and 8th centuries to
protect from Arabian attacks.
Ruins of an aquaduct entering
Selcuk. The aquaduct dates from
Byzantine times. Today the tops
are the nesting places for storks.
The Grand Fortress viewed from
the bottom of the hill showing its
commanding position.